Nine weeks of blood and glory
Warsaw Uprising of 1944 day by day.

September 30, 1944 - Sixty-first day of the Uprising

Name day: Felicja, Hieronim
Sunrise 6:51 am; sunset 6:32 pm; average air temperature: 9°C
Cloudy; Vistula river level: 50 cm

          In the morning, without any artillery support, the Germans take advantage of the element of surprise and man the premises of the housing cooperative "Zgoda" at 35/43 Słowackiego Street. Then, after repressive artillery fire, they strike a heavy blow against the insurgents along Słowackiego and Gdańska Streets and on Wilson Square. Since dawn, there have been fights over every single house in Żoliborz.
          The insurgents are still defending themselves in the vicinity of Mickiewicza and Krasińskiego Streets.
          The enemy is trying to drive the defenders out of Krasińkiego and Mickiewicza Streets, and they also attack Wilson Square.
          The troops commanded by Colonel "Żywiciel" ("Breadwinner") are trying to break through to the Vistula riverbank and evacuate to the Praga side. The Soviet radio station operating in Żoliborz receives a message from the 1st Army Command about the Żoliborz troops preparing themselves to cross the Vistula River. In connection with this, the insurgents regroup. In order to support the whole operation, larger forces of the insurgents man Lower Żoliborz. However, the evacuation fails to take place as scheduled - crossing the river turns out to be impossible because of weather conditions.

          By order of General "Bór" ("Forest"), Colonel Karol Ziemski "Wachnowski" and Lieutenant Jerzy Kamiński "Ścibor" are delegated to hold negotiations with Generals Bach and Källner.
          Around 5 pm, Colonel "Wachnowski" reports to the staff of Colonel "Żywiciel" ("Breadwinner"), presenting the conditions of surrender of Żoliborz. After 8 pm, by the decision of the Home Army Command, Żoliborz capitulates.
          By 11 pm, all the Home Army troops lay down their weapons. Nearly 2000 soldiers, including 400 wounded, are taken prisoner.
          However, the People's Army does not comply with the Command's decision. Several dozen insurgents get through to the Vistula bank and with the help of the 1st Army soldiers attempt to cross the river. 28 of them reach the Praga bank.

          Polish mediators arrive at the von dem Bach's Headquarters in Ożarów in order to negotiate the evacuation of 200 000 civilians from Śródmieście.
          The Polish committee holding talks with von dem Bach about the evacuation of the civil population gets permission for ceasefire on October 1 and 2 from 5 am to 8 pm, i.e. from dawn till dusk.
          The Germans mark out five evacuation passages located in the west parts of Śródmieście for the civil population to leave the city.

          In London, following the demission of General Kazimierz Sosabowski, President Władysław Raczkiewicz appoints General Tadeusz Komorowski as Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Army.

          For his leadership during the Warsaw Uprising, General Reinefarth is awarded the Oak Leaves to his Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Cross no. 608).

edited by: Maciej Janaszek-Seydlitz

translated by: Beata Murzyn

Copyright © 2023 Maciej Janaszek-Seydlitz. All rights reserved.